Louis XVI

King Louis XVI ruled France between 1774 and 1793. During this period, a new style began to develop in the decorative and fine arts. Known as the Louis XVI style, or the Louis Seize style, this innovative and creative trend swept across France and the rest of Europe, where is is more commonly referred to as the Neoclassical style.

During the last quarter of the 18th Century, the popularity of the Rococo style was in decline. In its place, there arose a renewed interest for the art and design of ancient Greece and Rome, particularly after the archaeological discoveries in Pompeii and Herculaneum in the earlier part of the 18th Century. This revival of interest in the Classicals had a huge impact on the arts. The result was the creation of Neoclassicism and the Louis XVI styles, with their simplicity of form and straight lines, which emerged as a reaction to the excesses of Rococo design. In France, under the rule of Louis XVI and his queen Marie Antoinette, the level of craftsmanship remained at an extremely high quality, and the sobriety and harmonious proportions of Louis XVI style furniture were still as finely created as the Rococo freehand designs had been in the previous decades.

The elegant Louis XVI style can be identified by its geometric forms, and the prevelent references to antiquity, including shapes based in Classical architecture such as fluted columns, mythological figures and motifs, decorative floral garlands and ribbons. Louis XVI style antique furniture is also significant for its abundant use of mahogany and gilt bronze (ormolu) mounts. 

One of the most prominent cabinetmakers who worked in the Louis XVI style was Henri Riesener, who often designed pieces for the French Queen, Marie Antoinette. Marie Antoinette was a great collector of antique Rococo and Baroque and contemporary Louis XVI style furniture, and would often buy items from the best dealers and designers who had their shops in the most fashionable areas of Paris.

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Style
  1. Louis XVI 165
  2. Neoclassical 129
  3. Belle Époque 10
  4. Sèvres 9
  5. Classical 8
  6. Figurative Art 8
  7. Floral 7
  8. Louis XV 7
  9. Rococo 4
  10. Animal / Animalier 3
  11. Royal / Monarchy 2
  12. Mythological 2
  13. Landscape 1
  14. Napoleon III 1
  15. Napoleonic 1
  16. Fête Galante 1
  17. Régence 1
  18. Restauration 1
  19. Empire 1
  20. Russian Interest 1
  21. Music / Musical 1
Material
  1. Ormolu (Gilt Bronze) 136
  2. Marble 51
  3. Mahogany 26
  4. Porcelain 19
  5. Enamel 17
  6. Patinated Bronze 16
  7. Wood 14
  8. Glass 13
  9. Malachite 10
  10. Giltwood 9
  11. Marquetry 9
  12. Gilt 8
  13. Bronze 6
  14. Mirror 5
  15. Lapis Lazuli 5
  16. Satinwood 5
  17. Ebony 5
  18. Tole 4
  19. Silvered bronze 4
  20. Rosewood 4
  21. Porphyry 4
  22. Metal 4
  23. Ebonised Wood 4
  24. Kingwood 4
  25. Cut Glass 4
  26. Parquetry 3
  27. Leather 3
  28. Ivory 3
  29. Tulipwood 3
  30. Fruitwood 2
  31. Amboyna 2
  32. Velvet 2
  33. Silver 2
  34. Onyx 2
  35. Crystal 2
  36. Vernis Martin 2
  37. Brass 2
  38. Stoneware 2
  39. Upholstery 1
  40. Walnut 1
  41. Sycamore 1
  42. Lacquer 1
  43. Enamel - Cloisonné 1
  44. Enamel - Guilloché 1
  45. Fluorspar 1
  46. Precious Stones 1
  47. Amethyst 1
  48. Paper 1
  49. Birch 1
  50. Iron 1
  51. Alabaster 1
  52. Agate 1
Colour
  1. Gold 149
  2. Brown 64
  3. White 50
  4. Blue 22
  5. Multi-coloured 19
  6. Green 17
  7. Black 16
  8. Red 15
  9. Clear 12
  10. Cream 9
  11. Grey 8
  12. Pink 8
  13. Purple 6
  14. Silver 6
  15. Metallic 4
  16. Yellow 4
  17. Orange 2
  18. Turquoise 2
Country Of Origin
  1. French 158
  2. Italian 3
  3. Russian 3
  4. Continental 1
Period
  1. Late 19th Century 71
  2. 19th Century 56
  3. Early 20th Century 19
  4. 20th Century 10
  5. 18th Century and Earlier 5
  6. Early 19th Century 4
Artist / Maker
  1. Barbedienne, Ferdinand (French, 1810-1892) 7
  2. Sèvres (French, founded 1738) 6
  3. Riesener, Jean Henri (French, 1735-1806) 6
  4. Mercier Frères (French, est. 1828) 5
  5. Dasson, Henry (French, 1825-1896) 4
  6. Sormani, Paul (French, 1817-1877) 4
  7. Leleu, Jean-Francois (French, 1729-1807) 3
  8. Linke, François (French, 1855-1946) 3
  9. Feuchère, Pierre-François (French, 1737-1823) 3
  10. Weisweiler, Adam (French, 1744-1820) 2
  11. Beurdeley (French, founded 1818) 2
  12. Maison Millet (French, fl. 1853-1918) 2
  13. Lemerle-Charpentier & Compagnie (French, fl. 1870-1890) 2
  14. Royer, Ernest (French, active second half of 19th Century) 2
  15. Lepaute (French, founded mid-18th Century) 1
  16. Maison Mottheau et fils (French, 19th Century) 1
  17. Aucoc, André (French, 1856-1911) 1
  18. Raingo Frères (French, founded in 1823) 1
  19. Susse Frères (French, active 1839-1970s) 1
  20. Vian, Henri (French, 1860-1905) 1
  21. Vion, François (French, 1737-1790) 1
  22. Sévin, Louis-Constant (French, 1821-1888) 1
  23. L. Leroy & Cie (French, active 19th - early 20th Century) 1
  24. Le Roy et fils (French, founded 1785) 1
  25. Baffert, Martin (French, active late 18th Century) 1
  26. Grohé, Guillaume (French, active 1829-1884) 1
  27. Gouthière, Pierre (French, 1732-1814) 1
  28. Girbelin (French, 19th Century) 1
  29. Gervais, Ferdinand (French, fl. late 19th Century) 1
  30. Festeau Le Jeune (French, active 19th/20th Century) 1
  31. Falconet, Etienne-Maurice (French, 1716-1791) 1
  32. Durand et fils (French, 1890-1934) 1
  33. Dulac, Jean (French, 1704-1786) 1
  34. Denière et Fils (French, 1804-1903) 1
  35. Charles Oudin (French, founded 1797) 1
  36. Chapu, Henri (French, 1833-1891) 1
  37. Carlin, Martin (French, active 1766-1785) 1
  38. Benneman, Guillaume (French, 1750-post 1811) 1
  39. Zwiener Jansen Successeur (French, active late 19th / early 20th Century) 1

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