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French academic sculptor Pierre-Jules Cavelier was highly celebrated in the 19th Century for his sculptures of ‘The Death of Socrates,’ 1836, and ‘Diomedes removing the statues of the goddess Pallas Athene from the Citadel of Troy,’ 1842. The latter of these works saw him win the Prix de Rome. He was awarded commissions for his sculptures to decorate the Louvre and other prestigious buildings such as the Opera, the church of Notre Dame and the Palais Galliera. He became a member of the Institut des Beaux-Arts in 1865.