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Hans Jacob Hansen (1853-1947) was a Scottish painter of Danish descent, who is famous for his depictions of Oriental landscapes and figures.
Born in Leith, Hansen studied in Edinburgh under the tutelage of R. B. Nisbet and J. Ross. He developed a style very close to that of his fellow Scottish contemporary, Arthur Melville (1855-1904), using a technique of painting onto wet paper and carefully allowing certain areas of colour to run together with details being added as the paper dried. Hansen worked extensively abroad in the Middle East, North Africa and Spain painting Eastern markets, harems and bullfighting scenes. He won a silver medal at Salzburg International Exhibition and exhibited at the Royal Academy, Royal Scottish Academy and at numerous other venues. In 1906, Hansen was elected a member of the Royal Scottish Watercolour Society.
In 1911, Hansen moved to London where he continued to paint until his move to Southend-on-Sea at the end of his life. Hansen is remembered as one of the great Scottish painters of the 20th Century, and his works are represented in the collection of the Glasgow Art Gallery.